Überlegungen zum Gebrauch der Phorbeia: vom Aulos zu Zurna und Launeddas

TitleÜberlegungen zum Gebrauch der Phorbeia: vom Aulos zu Zurna und Launeddas
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsBrand, H
EditorHickmann, E, Eichmann, R, Kilmer, AD
Book TitleArchäologie früher Klangerzeugung und Tonordnung = The Archaeology of Sound: Origin and Organisation
Series TitleStudien zur Musikarchäologie 3, Orient-Archäologie 10
Pagination375-386 ill.

The phorbeia, a mouth bandage that was used in antiquity when blowing an aulos or a salpinx has been explained as a support for the muscles of the player’s cheeks and lips or as a device for fixing the instrument to the mouth. Circular breathing seems to have been common for the aulos when we compare the traditional Zurna which was widespread in the Orient. The Zurna is often used in pairs all over Turkey where one of the musicians plays a bordun which is parallel to aulos playing. From this detail, conclusions can be drawn about the double construction of the ancient aulos. The Sardic Launeddas with its three tubes - deeply rooted in antiquity - is another example for this ancient blowing technique. [http://www.vml.de/e/inhalt.php?ISBN=978-3-89646-640-2]


The Archaeology of Sound: Origin and Organisation includes papers from the 2nd Symposium of the International Study Group on Music Archaeology at Monastery Michaelstein, 17-23 September 2000. And: Music Archaeology of the Aegean and Anatolia. Papers from the colloquium on Music Archaeology organised by the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (Istanbul) in cooperation with the ICTM Study Group on Music Archeology (6th meeting) and the Institut Français d' Archéologie (Istanbul), Mimar Sinan University, Istanbul, 12-16 April 1993.

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